SQL HAVING 子句

HAVING 子句

在 SQL 中增加 HAVING 子句原因是,WHERE 关键字无法与合计函数一起使用。

SQL HAVING 语法

SELECT column_name, aggregate_function(column_name)
FROM table_name
WHERE column_name operator value
GROUP BY column_name
HAVING aggregate_function(column_name) operator value

SQL HAVING 实例

我们拥有下面这个 "Orders" 表:

O_Id OrderDate OrderPrice Customer
1 2008/12/29 1000 Bush
2 2008/11/23 1600 Carter
3 2008/10/05 700 Bush
4 2008/09/28 300 Bush
5 2008/08/06 2000 Adams
6 2008/07/21 100 Carter

现在,我们希望查找订单总金额少于 2000 的客户。

我们使用如下 SQL 语句:

SELECT Customer,SUM(OrderPrice) FROM Orders
GROUP BY Customer
HAVING SUM(OrderPrice)<2000

结果集类似:

Customer SUM(OrderPrice)
Carter 1700

现在我们希望查找客户 "Bush" 或 "Adams" 拥有超过 1500 的订单总金额。

我们在 SQL 语句中增加了一个普通的 WHERE 子句:

SELECT Customer,SUM(OrderPrice) FROM Orders
WHERE Customer='Bush' OR Customer='Adams'
GROUP BY Customer
HAVING SUM(OrderPrice)>1500

结果集:

Customer SUM(OrderPrice)
Bush 2000
Adams 2000
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